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湖南省成考专升本英语模拟题(四)

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成考专升本英语模拟154:本试卷总分150分;共有6类型题目


一、语音知识(本题共1-5小题,每题1分,满分5分。)


1.


Ⅰ. Phonetics (5 points)


Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the answer sheet.


1. A. where


B. what


C. whose


D. white


2.


2. A. please


B. leave


C. great


D. breathe


3.


3. A. cargo


B. dark


C. alarm


D. quarter


4.


4. A. manage


B. awake


C. actor


D. happy


5.


5. A. broad


B. road


C. loaf


D. boat


二、词汇与语法知识(本题共6-20小题,每题1分,满分15分。)


6.


Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)


Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the answer sheet.


6. You mustn't forget ______your credit card when you come here tomorrow.


A. to bring


B. bring


C. to take


D. take


7.


7. He believed she would make a teacher far superior ______the average.


A. over


B. beyond


C. than


D. to


8.


8. The exam was ______easier than we had expected.


A. more


B. much more


C. much


D. more much


9.


9. It seldom rains heavily in our region nowadays,______?


A. does it


B. isn't it


C. doesn't it


D. is it


10.


10. Small. moments sometimes ______a very long time.


A. keep


B. have


C. last


D. go


11.


11. He raised his arms to ______his face from the blow.


A. protest


B. protect


C. prevent


D. keep


12.


12. Justice, as well as the law, ______that these robbers be severely punished.


A. demands


B. have demanded


C. is demanding


D. demand


13.


13. He was sitting in the chair, ______a book.


A. read


B. was reading


C. reading


D. with reading


14.


14. I have so ______time to enjoy myself.


A. little


B. a little


C. few


D. a few


15.


15. My hometown is no longer the place ______it used to be.


A. what


B. where


C. which


D. that


16.


16. —Why didn't you go to the cinema yesterday?


—I______, but my daughter returned fromthe moment I was leaving.


A. did


B. would


C. was going to


D. had


17.


17. I'm familiar ______the music that they are dancing


A. to, to


B. with, to


C. with, with


D. with,/


18.


18. I can ______you to the supermarket in my car.


A. send


B. pick


C. ride


D. take


19.


19. These flowers are watered______.


A. each other day


B. every other day


C. each of two days


D. every of two days


20.


20. ______you carry out this plan, you will benefit from it.


A. If only


B. Only if


C. Were


D. Unless


三、完形填空(本题共21-30小题,每题2分,满分20分。)


21.


Ⅲ. Cloze (20 points)


Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the answer sheet.


Americans are proud of their variety and individuality, yet they love and respect few things more than a uniform, whether it is the (21) of an elevator operator or the uniform. of a five-star general. Why are uniforms so (22) in the?


Among the arguments (23) uniforms, one of the first is that in the eyes of most people they look more (24) than civilian clothes. People have become conditioned to expect (25) quality from a man who wears a uniform. The television repairman who wears a uniform (26) to inspire more trust than one who appears in (27) clothes.


Uniforms also have many practical benefits. They save on other clothes. They (28) on laundry bills.


Uniforms also give (29) to some practical problems. Though they are long lasting, often their initial expense is (30) than the cost of civilian clothes. Some uniforms are also expensive to maintain, requiring professional dry cleaning rather than the home laundering possible with many types of civilian clothes.


21. A. clothing


B. costume


C. uniform


D. cloth


22.


22. A. favorite


B. popular


C. favorable


D. considerate


23.


23. A. against


B. with


C. for


D. on


24.


24. A. formal


B. critical


C. professional


D. casual


25.


25. A. superior


B. inferior


C. worse


D. same


26.


26. A. tends


B. wants


C. hopes


D. means


27.


27. A. professional


B. civilian


C. ordinary


D. general


28.


28. A. waste


B. save


C. rely


D. base


29.


29. A. birth


B. rise


C. way


D. up


30.


30. A. less


B. greater


C. worse


D. few


四、阅读理解(本题共31-55小题,每题2分,满分50分。)


31.


Ⅳ. Reading Comprehension (75 points)


Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the answer sheet.


Passage One


Are you a good reader? Good readers know that reading isn't just about knowing words— it's a way of thinking. Here are some tips that may be of some help.


Think before you read. Before you read the text, ask yourself the questions that why you are reading it and what you want to get from it. These will help you choose what words you need to know and what words you can skip or scan.


Think while you are reading. Can you get the meaning of the text without looking up new words in a dictionary? A text will often give examples that may help you understand some words. For example: Many large Russian cities, such asand, have taken steps to protect their culture. The words "' and "' may be new to us, but the sentences before and after it tell us what they are.


Think after you read. What is the main idea of the text? Is the text too easy or too hard for you?


If you practice reading and thinking in this way, you will become a better reader and you will learn better and faster.


31. This passage is probably taken from______.


A. a newspaper for general readers


B. a magazine for language teachers


C. a book for language learners


D. an advertisement for a new book


32.


32. The word "scan" in the second paragraph probably means______.


A. reading carefully


B. reading quickly and not word by word


C. reading by repeating some important words


D. reading more than one article at the same time


33.


33. What do the words "' and "" refer to?


A. Countries.


B. Mountains.


C. Rivers.


D. Cities.


34.


34. The author of the passage advises us to do all the following EXCEPT______.


A. we should think before, while and after we read a passage


B. we'd better look up every new word in a dictionary


C. we should learn to guess the meanings of new words


D. the clues in a passage should be made use of


35.


35. We can learn from the passage that______.


A. Reading is just a way of knowing new words


B. A good reader must learn more new words


C. A good reader can think before, while and after reading


D.takes a lot of time


36.


Passage Two


One day I was at the airport waiting for a ticket toand the girl in the ticket office said, "I'm sorry, I can't sell you a ticket. Our computer is down."


"If your computer is down, just write me out a ticket."


"I can't write you out a ticket. The computer is the only one allowed to do so."


I looked down on the computer and every passenger was just standing there staring at the black screen. Then I asked her, "What do all you people do?'


"We give the computer the information about your trip, and then it tells us whether you can fly with us or not."


"So when it goes down, you go down with it."


"That's good, sir. '


"How long will the computer be down?" I wanted to know.


"I have no idea. There's no way we can find out without asking the computer."


After the girl told me they had no backup (备用) computer, I said. "Let's forget the computer. What about your planes? They're still flying, aren't they?"


"I wouldn't know," she said, pointing at the dark screen. "Only 'IT'knows. 'It'can't tell me.


By this time there were quite a few people standing in lines. The word soon spread to other travelers that the computer was down. Some people started to cry and still others kicked their luggage.


36. The best title for the article is______.


A. When the Computer Is Down


B. How to buy a ticket


C. The Computer of the Airport


D. Asking the Computer


37.


37. What could the girl in the ticket office do for the passengers without asking the computer?


A. She could sell a ticket.


B. She could write out a ticket.


C. She could answer the passengers' questions.


D. She could do nothing.


38.


38. Why do you think they had not a backup computer?


A. Because it was easy down.


B. Because it was very expensive.


C. Because it was not advanced enough.


D. Because it was not as big as the main computer.


39.


39. What does the underlined sentence "So when it goes down, you go down with it." mean?


A. When computer doesn't work, you cannot work too.


B. When computer falls down, you fall down with it.


C. When computer is working, you can do nothing.


D. You can sell ticket without asking the computer.


40.


40. The last paragraph suggests that______.


A. a modern computer won't be down


B. computers can take the place of humans


C. there will be great changes in computers


D. sometimes a computer may bring suffering to people


41.


Passage Three


For more than six million American children, coming home after school means coming home to an empty house. They spend part of each day alone. They are called "latchkey children". They're children who look after themselves while their parents work. And their bad conditions have become a social problem.


Lyne Brown was once the headmaster of an elementary school. She said, "A lot of kids had chains around their necks with keys attached.! was constantly telling them to put them inside shirts. There were so many keys, it never came to my mind what they meant. ",slowly, she learned they were house keys.


Lyne learned of the impact working couples and single parents were having on their children. She found that Fear is the biggest problem faced by children at home alone. Many had nightmares and were worried about their own safety.


The most common way latchkey children deal with their fears is by hiding. It might be in a shower stall, under a bed, in a closet. The second is TV. They'll often play it at high volume. It's hard to get statistics (情况,材料) on latchkey children. Most parents are slow to admit they leave their children alone.


41. The main idea about "latchkey children" is that they______.


A. are growing in numbers


B. are also found in middle-class neighborhoods


C. watch too much television during the day


D. suffer problems from being left alone


42.


42. Which sentence in the second paragraph is the topic sentence?


A. Lyne was a headmaster.


B. A lot of kids had chains around their necks.


C. I was constantly telling them to put inside their shirts.


D. They were house keys.


43.


43. The main feeling these children have when they are at home by themselves is______.


A. tiredness


B. fear


C. loneliness


D. freedom


44.


44. We may draw a conclusion that______.


A. latchkey children enjoy having such a large amount of time alone


B. latchkey children try to hide their feeling


C. latchkey children often watch TV with their parents


D. it's difficult to find out how many latchkey children there are


45.


45. Which of the following statements is NOT true?


A. Latchkey children feel free at home.


B. Working parents often leave their children alone at home.


C. Many parents do not admit that they leave their children alone.


D. Latchkey children have to learn to take care of themselves.


46.


Passage Four


2. 26-meter-tall Yao Ming made his NBA debut (初资登台) on October 23, 2002 and got 6 points (得分) for the Houston Rockets in the game. The next day, he got 13 points in another game.


Most people think that Yao Ming is a born basketball player. Butsaid, "When you watch it*on TV, it looks very easy. But when you are playing in the NBA, it is really not so easy. ' He said that joining the Houston Rockets was a new start and a new challenge. "I hope that through very hard work, I can make everyone happy and help the Rockets win more games," he said.


Yao Ming speaks some English. Both he and his teammates can understand each other. They don't think there is a language problem. While Yao Ming faces this new challenge, the people of Houston have shown great interest in him and they hope Yao Ming faces this new challenge, the people of Houston have shown great interest in him and they hope Yao Ming will bring new energy (活力) to the Rockets. The team has started having lessons to learn more about, and many people who work for the Rockets have learned to speak some Chinese.


46. Yao Ming got 13 points on October______, 2002.


A. 22


B. 23


C. 24


D. 26


47.


47. Yao Ming said that______.


A. it was hard to watch NBA games on TV


B. playing in the NBA was difficult


C. he was an NBA star


D. it was boring to play basketball


48.


48. The people ofhope Yao Ming will______.


A. speak excellent English


B. bring new energy


C. make NBA games easy


D. face new challenge


49.


49. From the passage we can know that Yao Ming______.


A. will work hard for his team


B. made the highest score in his first NBA game


C. can't understand his teammates


D. teaches the Rockets workers Chinese himself


50.


50. The passage is probably taken from______.


A. an advertisement


B. a textbook


C. a news report


D. an instruction (说明书)


51.


Passage Five


In the, it is important to be on time, or punctual, for an appointment, a class, etc. However, this may not be true in all countries. An American professor discovered this difference while teaching a class in a Brazilian (巴西的) university. The two-hour class was scheduled' to begin at 10 A. M. and end at 12. On the first day, when the professor arrived on time, no one was in the classroom. Many students came after the scheduled time. Several arrived half an hour later. Few apologized for their lateness. Were these students being rude? He decided to study the students, behavior.


The professor talked to American and Brazilian students about lateness in both an informal and a formal situation: at a lunch with a friend and in a university class. He found that if they had a lunch appointment with a friend, the average American student defined lateness as 19 minutes after the agreed time. However, the average Brazilian student felt the friend was late after 33 minutes.


In an American university, classes not only begin at the scheduled time in the, but also end at the scheduled time. In the Brazilian class, only a few students left the class at; many remained pastto discuss the class and ask more questions. While arriving late may not be very important in, neither is staying late.


51. The word "punctual' most probably means______.


A. leaving soon after class


B. coming early


C. arriving a few minutes late


D. being on time


52.


52. Why did the professor study the Brazilian students' behavior?


A. He felt puzzled at the students' being late.


B. He felt angry at the students' rudeness.


C. He wanted to make the students come on time later.


D. He wanted to collect data for one of his studies.


53.


53. It can be inferred from the professor's study of lateness in the informal situation that______.


A. American students will become impatient if their friend is five minutes late


B. neither Brazilian nor American students like being late in appointment


C. being late in one culture may not be considered so in another culture


D. Brazilian students will not come thirty-three minutes after the agreed time


54.


54. From the last paragraph we know that in Brazil______.


A. it is important to arrive at the appointed time


B. it is rude for professors to be late for class


C. it is normal for students to leave during lectures


D. it is natural to keep the professor staying after class


55.


55. What is the main idea of this passage?


A. It is important to be on time for class in the.


B. The importance of being on time differs among cultures.


C. People learn' the importance of time from the culture they are in.


D. Students being late for class should explain the reason to their teacher.


五、补全对话(本题共56-60小题,每题2分,满分10分。)


56.


Ⅴ. Daily Conversation (10 points)


Direction: Pick out the appropriate expression from the eight choices and complete the following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the answer sheet.


A. Can I take a message?


B. Not at all.


C. Please take it easy.


D. Is that OK? E. Nice to meet you.


F. Don't worry.


G. But he panned to. H. What can I do for you?


56. A: Hello. May I speak to Mike please?


B: Just a moment. Mike! ... Mike! ... I'm sorry. He is out.______?


57.


57. Frank: Would you like to come to out fancy dress party?


Daisy: Certainly. But I'd be a little late. ______?


58.


58. Evans: Nice to meet you. I'm Evans.


Jerry: ______, too. What do you do, Evans?


59.


59. Shop assistant:______, Sir?


Customer. I am looking for the men's wear section.


60.


60. Student A: I am terribly sorry because I left your dictionary in the library and I just couldn't find it there.


Student B:______I have a new one.


六、书面表达(50分)


61.


Ⅵ. Writing (25 points)


Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write a composition in 100--120 words based on the following situation. Remember to write it clearly.


61.一组外国人原打算在我市参观期间去你校看一看,但因临时有事不能去,请对你校布局予以介绍。


注意:(1)叙述要有条理,方位清楚,要用一些方位词。


(2)题目:Our School Yard


(3)在文中要提到教学楼,办公楼,试验室,电教中心,图书馆,宿舍,食堂,操场等等。


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