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湖南省成考专升本英语模拟题(二)

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成考(专升本)英语模拟143:本试卷总分150分;共有6类型题目


一、语音知识(本题共1-5小题,每题1分,满分5分。)


1.


Ⅰ. Phonetics (5 points)


Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.


l. A. chin


B. bite


C. alive


D. side


2.


2. A. gate


B. hate


C. jade


D. staff


3.


3. A. cheap


B. sweat


C. treat


D. leap


4.


4. A. child


B. chef


C. church


D. chicken


5.


5. A. chore


B. chocolate


C. school


D. arch


二、词汇与语法知识(本题共6-20小题,每题1分,满分15分。)


6.


Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)


Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.


6. After watching ______ TV, she played ______ violin for an hoar.


A. /... /


B. tile... the


C. the... /


D. /... the


7.


7.is larger than ______ country in.


A. any


B. any other


C. other


D. another


8.


8. ______ food you've cooked!


A. How a nice


B. What a nice


C. How nice


D. What nice


9.


9. I invited Tom and Ann to dinner, but ______ of them came.


A. neither


B. both


C. either


D. none


10.


10. Does ______ matter if he can't finish tile job on time?


A. this


B. that


C. he


D. it


11.


11. The experiment was ______ easier titan we had expected.


A. more


B. much more


C. much


D. more much


12.


12. The volleyball match will be put off if it ______.


A. will rain


B. rains


C. rained


D. is raining


13.


13. The library needs ______, but it'll have to wait until Sunday.


A. cleaning


B. be cleaned


C. clean


D. being cleaned


14.


14. Mary ______ a dress when she cut her finger.


A. made


B. is making


C. was making


D. makes


15.


15. I learned to ______a bicycle as a small boy.


A. drive


B. run


C. operate


D. ride


16.


16. Thesetaste ______.


A. good


B. well


C. to be good


D. to be well


17.


17. A new school was ______ in the village last year.


A. held up


B. set up


C. sent up


D. brought up


18.


18. She's upstairs ______ letters.


A. writes


B. is writing


C. write


D. writing


19.


19. It was so cold that they kept the fire ______ all night.


A. to burn


B. burn


C. burning


D. burned


20.


20. Will you ______ me a favor, please?


A. do


B. make


C. give


D. bring


三、完形填空(本题共21-35小题,每题2分,满分30分。)


21.


Ⅲ. Cloze (30 points)


Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are tour choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.


A new came as a surprise that an elderly woman died yesterday after (21) knocked down by a motorist who had made no (22) to brake (刹车) . A police officer asked the driver, a man of 69, to read the number-plate of a car parked (23) the opposite side of the road. The man said this was (24) , because it was foggy. In fact, it was a sunny day. After several attempts, even from a distance of two meters, the man (25) failed to read the number-plate (26) He said he had never needed (27) , though he had been (28) in a similar accident 29 .


The question of fitness to (30) comes (31) every time some medical condition relates to an accident like this. Last week two motorists died (32) blackouts (瞬间昏厥) at the wheel, With these (33) in mind, it is not surprising that accident prevention organizations are trying to (34) the government to introduce stricter controls over (35) so that both drivers and people on the road will enjoy safety.


21. A. being


B. be


C. had


D. has


22.


22. A. attempt


B. answer


C. warning


D. sign


23.


23. A. at


B. in


C. on


D. with


24.


24. A. natural


B. reasonable


C. unfair


D. unexpected


25.


25. A. had


B. still


C. hardly


D. ever


26.


26. A. correctly


B. clearly


C. fluently


D. actually


27.


27. A. petrol


B. advice


C. glass


D. glasses


28.


28. A. hurt


B. involved


C. included


D. avoided


29.


29. A yesterday


B. tomorrow


C. before the day


D. the day before


30.


30. A. drive


B. travel


C. move


D. entertain


31.


31. A. out


B. up


C. over


D. on


32.


32. A. as a result


B. as a result of


C. as result of


D. with the result


33.


33. A. wards


B. questions


C. conditions


D. cases


34.


34. A. pursue


B. permit


C. persuade


D. percent


35.


35. A. women


B. adults


C. drivers


D. vehicle


四、阅读理解(本题共36-55小题,每题2分,满分40分。)


36.


Ⅳ. Reading Comprehension (60 points)


Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.


Passage One


There was a nasty (肮脏的,卑鄙的) accident in our town not long ago, and I saw it happen. I was standing near a road which was under repair, not doing anything special—just watching the men at work. It was not far from the new motorway (高速公路) that runs past the town. It was an old road that used to be very busy—and dangerous before the motorway was built. Today, most cars use the new "superhighway" and the old road is pretty quiet, although cars do often come off the motorway into the town faster than they should.


Anyway, the men were repairing part of the road and there were signs up for at least 200 meters, telling everybody that the road was narrower than usual. Most of the drivers in both directions saw the signs and slowed down.


Then three cars came along close together, the third one moving at a very high speed. The first one pas sed the workmen and wanted to turn left. Meanwhile the third car came flying past the second one. The sec and car stopped. I think the driver knew something was going to happen. It did. The third car had no chance of stopping. Its driver braked (刹车) and pulled over to miss the first car and went right off the road.


There were four people in that car: a man, two women and a child. The child was a boy of nine. I read later that they were going shopping—just shopping, nothing more important than that. The driver was badly hurt. The little bay was hurt too. Both the women were killed immediately. One of them was the driver's wife and the other was the mother of the little boy. They never got to the shops.


36. The old road ______.


A. was very busy though there was a new motorway


B. was never very busy


C. was always very busy and dangerous


D. was very busy and dangerous before the construction of the new motorway


37.


37. On the day of the accident, part of the old road ______.


A. was damaged


B. was broadened to make traffic easier


C. was under repair


D. was closed to cars


38.


38. The accident was caused by ______.


A. the driver of the first car


B. the driver of the second car


C. the driver of the third car


D. both B and C


39.


39. The driver who caused the accident ______.


A. drove very, very fast


B. killed another driver


C. killed himself


D. both A and C


40.


Passage Two


"Yes, I'll be ready at nine in the morning. Goodbye, dear, and thanks again. "It had not been an easy telephone call for Mrs. Robson to make. Her daughter had been very kind, of course, and had immediately agreed to pick her up and drive her to the station, but Mrs. Robson hated to admit (承认) that she needed help. Since her husband had died ten years before, she had prided herself on her independence (独立生活 ). She had continued to live in their little house, alone.


On this evening, however, she was standing at her living-room window, staring out at the SOLD notice in the small front garden. Her feelings were mixed. Naturally she was sad at the thought of leaving the house, as it was full of so many memories. But at the same time she was looking forward to spending her last years near the sea, back in the little seaside town where she had been born. With the money from the sale (出售) of the house, she had bought a little flat there.


She turned from the living room window, and looked round at the room. One or two pieces of furniture remained, covered with sheets (被单). The floor was bare boards, and all her pictures had been taken from the walls. There was a small fish-tank, with two goldfish circling in it. When asked why, her husband used to say, "It's nice to have something alive in the room." Since he had passed away, she had always kept some goldfish, had always had "something alive in the room".


Tim next morning, as her train was pulling out of the station, Mrs. Robson called to her daughter, "Kate, you won't forget to collect the goldfish, will you? The children will love them. It's...""I know," Kate interrupted (打断) gently. "It's nice to have something alive in the room."


But in the little house, the two goldfish had stopped their circling. They were floating (漂浮) on the water, in the room with its bare boards and silent walls.


40. Mrs. Robson ______.


A. was a very proud person


B. was helpless


C. did not like asking people for favors


D. wanted to live without her husband


41.


41. On her last night in the house, Mrs. Robson was feeling _______.


A. very depressed and dismayed


B. very cheerful but completely helpless


C. proud and sad


D. a bit sad but not entirely unhappy


42.


42. Mrs. Robson had lived in the house ______.


A. since she had sold her flat


B. for less than a decade


C . since she had been born


D. for more than ten years


43.


43. The cause of the death of the goldfish was most probably ______.


A. lack of care


B. old age


C. the small fish tank


D. lack of water


44.


Passage Three


The war had begun, and George had joined the air force. He wanted to be a pilot and after some months he managed to get to the air force training school, where they taught pilots to fly'.


There, the first thing that new students had to do was to be taken up in a plane by an experienced pi lot, to give them some ideas what it felt like. Even those who had traveled as passengers in commercial (商业的 ) airline planes before found it strange to be in the cockpit (驾驶舱)of a small fighter plane, and most of the students felt nervous.


The officer who had to take the students up for their first flight allowed them to fly the plane for a few seconds if' they wanted to and if they were not too frightened to try, but be was always ready to take over as soon as the plane started to do dangerous things.


George was one of those who took over the controls of the plane when he went up in it for the first time, and after the officer had taken them [Yom him again. George thought that he had better ask a few questions to show how interested he was and how much he wanted to learn to fly. There were a number of instruments (仪表) in front of him, so he chose one and asked the officer what it was. The officer looked at him strangely for a moment and then answered, "That is the clock."


44. George went to the air torte training school because he wanted ______.


A. to fight the war


B. to fly


C. to be pilot


D. to be a passenger


45.


45. The first thing George did at the training school was ______.


A. to take an experienced pilot in a plane


B. to be taken up into the air in a plane by an officer


C. to fly a commercial plane


D. to talk about his ideas


46.


46. The officer allowed ______.


A. the students to fly the plane all the time


B. all students to fly the plane


C. the students who were not frightened to fly on their own


D. some students to fly a little while


47.


47. George asked the question because he wanted to show that he was ______.


A. interesting


B. not nervous


C. different


D. eager to learn


48.


Passage Four


Every culture and every country in the world celebrates New Year, but not everyone does it the same way. The countries inandwelcome New Year on January the first. This practice began with the Romans in the, New Year is when spring begins. People inandcelebrate it on the first day of the Spring Festival, which is the first day of their calendar based on the moon. Rosh Hashana, which is the Jewish (犹太人的) New Year, comes at the end of summer. The Hindus (印度教教徒 ) in India celebrate the first day of each season, so they have four New Years.


In all these cultures, there is a practice of making noise. People made noise in ancient times to drive away the evil spirits (妖精) from their homes. Today making noise is more of a custom than a religious rim


In the, many people stay up untilon New Year's Eve to watch the clock pass from one year to the next. Friends often gather together at a party on New Year's Eve, and when the new year comes, all ring bells, blow' whistles, sing songs, and kiss each other. A favorite Scottish song which everyone sings together is Auld Lang Sync. The words tell of old friends and good times.


In all cultures, New Year's Day is a time when people think of new beginnings. They want to make the coming year better than the last one. Many people in themake New Year resolutions. These are specific promises that they make to improve their behavior, change their habits, and become better people. There are many jokes about how a person keeps his or her New Year resolutions.


48. In ancient times, the practice of making noise was meant ______.


A. to keep the evil spirits away


B. to have fun


C. to celebrate the coming of the new year


D. to keep to a custom


49.


49. Auld Lang Sync is ______.


A. a Scottish song which says good-bye to old friends


B. a Scottish song that welcomes the coming of the new year


C. a song sung by the Scottish people only


D. a Scottish song remembering obi friends and good times


50.


50. A New Year resolution is ______.


A. made to begin a new year


B. a promise to make a joke


C. a decision to improve oneself and make one a better person


D. to be kept for the New Year's Day only


51.


51. The Jewish New Year most probably comes between ______.


A. July and September


B. October and December


C. January and March


D. April and June


52.


Passage Five


In order to learn a foreign language well, it is necessary to overcome the fear of making mistakes. If the primary goal (目标) of language use is communication (交际), then mistakes are secondary considerations that may be dealt with gradually. On the other hand, students should not ignore their mistakes. The language learner may observe how native speakers express themselves, and how native expressions differ from the way the learner might say them. For example, a Spanish speaker who has been saying "I do it" to express willingness to do something in the immediate future, could, by communicating with native speakers of English, observe that native speakers actually say "I'll do it". The result can serve as a basis for the student to change his way of using the present tense in English. But a student who is unwilling to communicate in the first place would lose this opportunity to learn by trial and error.


52. According to the passage, the present tense in English is ______.


A. not used to express one's readiness to do something in the immediate future


B. used with some verbs but not with others to express future intention


C. basically the same in English as it is in Spanish


D. not the most difficult problem for foreign students


53.


53. According to tile passage, language learners can reduce the number of their mistakes by ______.


A. asking native speakers for explanations


B. reading good books in the foreign language


C. comparing their speech with that of native speakers


D. paying no attention to them while speaking


54.


54. According to the passage, foreign language students should not worry too much about making mistakes because ______.


A. native speakers, like foreign students, also try hard to learn their language


B. communication is the primary goal of language learning


C. native speakers will ignore their mistakes


D. everyone makes mistakes in speaking a strange language


55.


55. The author's major conclusion about mistakes in foreign language learning is that


A. mistakes are not important in the process of learning a language


B. learners are often very afraid of making mistakes


C. making mistakes can help the learner discover the roles


D. native speakers often do not tell foreign language learners about their mistakes


五、补全对话(本题共56-60小题,每题2分,满分10分。)


56.


Ⅴ. Daily Conversation (15 points)


Directions: Pick out the appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogues by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.


A. I've never been there.


B. I'm too tired.


C. Jim gave it to me.


D. I'll try. my best to get you there.


E. Very well.


F. Everybody knows.


G. Good idea.


H. It has been broken.


56. Bob: The boss won't be here today. Let's have a party.


: ______.


57.


57. Joe: How are you getting along in math class?


Jane: ______.


58.


58. Henry: Do you think we'll get to the airport on time?


: ______.


59.


59. George: You look pale. What's the matter with you?


Rose: ______.


60.


60. Pat: Where did you get that computer?


Ann: ______.


六、书面表达(50分)


61.


Ⅵ. Writing (25 points)


Directions: For this part, you arc supposed to write a letter of 100—120 words based on the following situation. Remember to write it clearly.


6..写封信给你的朋友Glad,他下周一下午4点将从另一个城市乘飞机来看你,内容包括:


(1)不能去机场接站,向他表示歉意;


(2)临时要出差(具体内容);


(3)告诉他如何从机场来你家;


(4)十分欢迎他到你家来。


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